Masroor is thirty two kilometer from Kangra, located on Nagrota Surian road. It is famous for ancient art of rock cut temples. They form a bunch of fifteen monolithic rock cut temples within the Indo Aryan style and are richly carved. These richly decorated cave temples square measure the sole rock shrines within the northern a part of Asian country. The main shrine contains 3 stone pictures of Ram laxman and Sita however the presence of the figure of Shiva within the centre of the beam affords a powerful presumption that the temple was originally dedicated to Mahadeva.
Before handling the queries of its builders and therefore the time of its construction, it’s necessary to debate the rock-cut technique and therefore the place this temple-complex occupies among the rockhewn monuments in Asian country. The rock-cut style started within the reign of the Pallava king Narsingha varman I Mahamalla (630-668 A.D.) the first the primary 1/2 the seventh century . It reached its climax within the Kailasha temples at Ellora that were taken in hand during the reign of the Rashtrakuta King Dantidurga (753- 756 A.D.) and finished throughout that of Krishna I (758-773 A.D.). though rock-cut caves are common in South India, however temples cut out of freestanding rocks, notable to archaeologists and art critics, are only four in number-‘Rathas of Mammalapuram’, ‘Kailashas at Ellora’, ‘temple-complex at Masroor in Kangra’ and also the ‘Dharmnatha temple at Dhamnar’, sixty five miles to the South-East of Jhalra Patan in Rajasthan. The Rathas and therefore the Kailashas are built in the Dravidian style, whereas the Masroor and Dhamnar ones are within the Nagara style. Masroor beats its Nagara rival in scenario, size and execution. The Masroor complex has fifteen temples, the Dhamnar has onl y eight. At Masroor temples not break free it surround the central shrine, however at Dhamnar the smaller ones square measure entirely break free the most one. Carvings and ornamentation at Masroor are of a much superior order than at Dhamnar and therefore the length of the latter is one- third of the former. The Dhamnar cluster has been inbuilt a pit-like hollow, whereas the Masroor cluster is on top of a 2500 feet high hill range. One appearance below, the other appearance up. One depresses, the other elates. In purpose of scenario, Masroor beats the opposite 2 additionally. Ellora Kailasha are built in a pit 100 feet. However, Kailasha at Ellora could be a supreme creation, one among the wonders of the world.
Rock-cut style is way tougher than the structural one. within the latter, the creator shapes the material as he likes, whereas within the former the material determines the means the artist should move. The limitation makes AN artist creation out of a rock a most tough task and therefore the ability with that the remote artist of seventh and eighth centuries only their purpose is superhuman . Only a few of the original shikharas stand and a few of the foremost beautifully carved panels are currently within the state museum, Shimla. the most shrine dominates the centre. although the remote location of those temples protected them from the offensive army of Mahmud Ghazni and their stone construction prevented severe damage within the 1905 earthquake.